Kostyantyn Kryvopust: IRS sheds light on NFT taxation


With the rise in popularity of NFTs, it was only a matter of time before governments and regulators took notice. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in the United States recently issued guidance on how NFTs should be taxed, recognizing their importance in the digital world. Understanding these tax rules is important for NFT holders as it can affect their financial planning and decision-making in a rapidly evolving market.

Key takeaways from the IRS notice on NFT taxation


Message IRS 2023-18 brought much-needed clarity to the taxation of NFTs in the United States. According to the announcement, NFTs are now classified as collectible assets, similar to physical collectibles such as art, stamps and coins. This classification has significant implications for NFT holders as it determines how profits from NFT transactions will be taxed.

One of the key aspects of the IRS’s NFT taxation rules is that capital gains tax rates will depend on the NFT’s holding period. The long-term capital gains rate applies if the NFT is held for more than a year before being sold or exchanged. Conversely, if the NFT is held for a year or less, the short-term capital gains rate applies, which is usually higher.


With the new IRS NFT rules, NFT holders must keep accurate records of their transactions. This includes information on purchase price, sale price and dates of acquisition and disposal. Proper record keeping is required to calculate the correct amount of NFT income tax.

In addition, the new rules outline the deductions and exemptions available to NFT holders. For example, individuals who donate NFTs to qualified charities may be eligible for a tax deduction. However, certain restrictions apply, so it is important to consult a tax professional for individual advice on tax matters related to NFTs.

Broader Tax Implications of IRS NFT Rules


NFT IRS Taxation Rules caused a mixed reaction from collectors and creators. Some are concerned that classifying NFTs as collectibles could lead to higher trading costs and less liquidity in the market. On the other hand, many see the rules as a necessary step towards legitimizing NFTs and providing a more stable regulatory framework for their development.

New tax regulations may also affect NFT prices and trading volumes. As investors become more aware of the tax implications of NFT transactions, they may adjust their strategies accordingly, which can lead to market volatility.


The IRS’ position on NFT taxation may influence other countries to develop their own policies and guidance. As NFTs gain global acceptance, governments and regulatory bodies around the world need to establish clear tax rules for this new asset class. Countries that have yet to issue specific guidance on NFT taxation may consider the IRS approach as a starting point or guideline.

While the IRS NFT tax rules are a significant step forward in regulating the NFT market, it is important to remember that the digital landscape is constantly evolving. As new applications and use cases for NFTs emerge, tax policies and regulations may need to be adapted accordingly. NFT owners, creators and investors should be aware of any tax rules and regulations that may affect their NFT-related activities.


The latest IRS NFT taxation rules provide much-needed clarity for owners, collectors, and creators of NFTs in the United States. By classifying NFTs as collectibles, the IRS has established a clear framework for taxing income from NFT transactions. As the market continues to evolve, individuals working in the NFT space need to stay abreast of the latest tax rules and regulations.

While the IRS NFT tax rules have drawn mixed reactions from the industry, they represent a significant step toward legitimizing NFTs and creating a stable regulatory environment for their growth. As other countries begin to develop their own NFT taxation policies, the global market will likely continue to expand and new opportunities will emerge for investors, creators and enthusiasts.

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